Today in history: July 8, the “great grain theft”

Today in History

Today is Friday, July 8, the 189th day of 2022. There are 176 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in the story:

On July 8, 1972, the Nixon administration announced an agreement to sell $750 million worth of grain to the Soviet Union. (However, the Soviets were also engaged in the covert purchase of subsidized American grain, resulting in what critics dubbed “The Great Grain Robbery.”)

To this date :

In 1776, Colonel John Nixon gave the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence, outside the State House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia.

In 1853, an expedition led by Commodore Matthew Perry arrived in Yedo Bay, Japan, on a mission to establish diplomatic and trade relations with the Japanese.

In 1907, Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first “Follies”, on the roof of the New York Theatre.

In 1947, a New Mexico newspaper, the Roswell Daily Record, quoted Roswell military airfield officials saying they had recovered a “flying saucer” that had crashed on a ranch; officials then said it was actually a weather balloon. (To this day, there are those who believe that what fell to Earth was an alien spaceship carrying extraterrestrial beings.)

In 1950, President Harry S. Truman appointed General Douglas MacArthur Commander-in-Chief of United Nations forces in Korea. (Truman ended up firing MacArthur for insubordination nine months later.)

In 1967, Oscar-winning actor Vivien Leigh, 53, died in London.

In 1989, Carlos Saul Menem was sworn in as Argentina’s president in the country’s first transfer of power from one democratically elected civilian leader to another in six decades.

In 1994, Kim Il Sung, Communist leader of North Korea since 1948, died at the age of 82.

In 2000, Venus Williams beat Lindsay Davenport 6-3, 7-6(3) for her first Grand Slam title, becoming the first black woman champion at Wimbledon since Althea Gibson in 1957-58.

In 2010, the largest spy exchange between the United States and Russia since the Cold War unfolded as 10 people accused of spying in American suburbs pleaded guilty to conspiracy and were deported to Russia in exchange for the release of four prisoners accused of spying for the West. .

In 2011, former first lady Betty Ford died in Rancho Mirage, California at the age of 93.

In 2016, on the first day of a two-day summit in Warsaw, NATO leaders braced for a long-term standoff with Russia, commanding multinational troops in Poland and the three Baltic states as Moscow was advancing with its own plans to station two new divisions along its western borders.

Ten years ago: A bomb in eastern Afghanistan killed six NATO service members in a day in which a total of 29 people died as a result of roadside bombs and insurgent attacks. Roger Federer equaled Pete Sampras’ record of seven men’s singles titles at the All England Club and won his 17th Grand Slam title overall, beating Andy Murray 4-6, 7-5, 6-3, 6-4. Oscar-winning actor Ernest Borgnine, 95, has died in Los Angeles.

Five years ago: At the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany, world powers aligned against President Donald Trump on climate change, reaffirming their support for international efforts to fight global warming. After their first face-to-face meeting, Russian President Vladimir Putin said he thought Trump believed his denials of Russian interference in the US presidential vote.

A year ago: President Joe Biden declared that the US military operation in Afghanistan would end on August 31; in a speech in the East Room of the White House, Biden made an impassioned argument for exiting the nearly 20-year war without sacrificing more American lives, but acknowledged there would be no moment of “mission accomplished” to celebrate. Amid rising coronavirus infections, Tokyo’s governor said fans would not be allowed in Tokyo-area stadiums and arenas for the Olympics, which begin in two weeks. Former South African President Jacob Zuma has turned himself in to police to begin serving a 15-month prison sentence for contempt. Lawyer Michael Avenatti was sentenced to 2½ years in prison for attempting to extort up to $25 million from Nike; Avenatti rose to fame representing porn star Stormy Daniels in lawsuits against Donald Trump. Zaila Vanguard, 14, of Louisiana, correctly spelled “murraya” to win the Scripps National Spelling Bee, becoming the first African-American champion.

Today’s birthdays: Singer Steve Lawrence turns 87. Actor Jeffrey Tambor is 78 years old. Rock musician Jaimoe Johanson is 77 years old. Ballerina Cynthia Gregory is 75 years old. Actor Kim Darby is 75 years old. Actor Jonelle Allen is 74 years old. The children’s interpreter Raffi is 74 years old. Celebrity chef Wolfgang Puck is 73 years old. Actress Anjelica Huston is 71 years old. Writer Anna Quindlen is 70 years old. Actor Kevin Bacon is 64 years old. Actor Robert Knepper is 63 years old. Country singer Toby Keith is 61 years old. Rock singer Joan Osborne is 60 years old. Writer-producer Rob Burnett is 60 years old. Rocky Carroll is 59 years old. Actor Corey Parker is 57 years old. Actor Lee Tergesen is 57 years old. Actor Michael B. Silver is 55 years old. Actor Billy Crudup is 54 years old. Actor Michael Weatherly is 54 years old. Singer Beck is 52 years old. Actor Sebastian Maniscalco is 49 years old. Actor Kathleen Robertson is 49 years old. Christian rock musician Stephen Mason (Jars of Clay) is 47. Actor Milo Ventimiglia (MEE’-loh vehn-tih-MEEL’-yuh) is 45 years old. Singer Ben Jelen (YEL’-in) is 43 years old. Lance Gross is 41 years old. Actress Sophia Bush is 40 years old. Rock musician Jamie Cook (Arctic Monkeys) is 37 years old. Actor Jake McDor the man is 36 years old. Actor Maya Hawke is 24 years old. Actor Jaden Smith is 24 years old.